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Ampelography, the taxonomy of grapevines, is a lengthy process. Conducted over at least a two-year period, we look at various phases of the grapevine including the young shoots, mature leaves, and ripe grape clusters. It is also important to observe both sides of the leaves and the shape of the leaf blades.

Below are photos of endemic grape varieties that can be found either growing feral, or in vineyards and specialized nurseries. An analysis of their DNA and associated historical data suggests that many of these varieties were cultivated for generations in and around the southern Levant and particularly in Israel with some of the older species dating back millennia.

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